L. Luo, Z. J. Fu, X. D. Zhou, K. J. Zhu, H. T. Yang and L. Z. Yang (2016) Fatigue effect on phase transition of pedestrian movement: experiment and simulation study. Journal/Journal Of Statistical Mechanics-Theory And Experiment 31. [In English]

**Web link**: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/2016/10/103401

**Keywords**: phase transition; fatigue; pedestrian dynamics; experiment study; floor; field cellular automata; CELLULAR-AUTOMATON MODEL; FUNDAMENTAL DIAGRAM; EVACUATION; DYNAMICS; FLOW; PATTERNS; SPEED

**Abstract**: How to model pedestrian movement is an intriguing problem in the area of statistical physics. As a common phenomenon of pedestrian movement, fatigue has a significant negative effect on pedestrian movement, especially when pedestrians move or run with heavy luggage, rescue the wounded in disaster, climb stairs and etc. According to the field observations and previous researches, fatigue coeffcient is defined as the decrease of desired velocity in this study. However, previous researches lacked quantitative analysis of the effect of fatigue on pedestrian speed. It has been a great challenge to study the effect of fatigue on pedestrian flow, since pedestrians of heterogeneous walking abilities and the change of pedestrians' moving properties need to be taken into consideration. Thus, at first, a series of pedestrian experiments, under three different conditions, were conducted to formulate the empirical relationship among fatigue, average free velocity, and walking distance. Then the empirical formulation of pedestrian fatigue was imported into the multi-velocity field floor cellular automata (FFCA) model for following pedestrian dynamics analysis. The velocity ratio was adjusted dynamically to adapt the change of pedestrians' velocity due to fatigue. The fatigue, entrance flow rate and pedestrian's initial desired velocity are found to have significant effects on the pedestrian flow. The space-time distributions of pedestrian density and velocity were explored in detail, with phase transition analyses from a free flow phase to a congestion phase. Additionally, the 'density wave' in the system can be observed if a certain ratio of burdened pedestrians lay in the high density region. The envelope of the 'density wave' reaches its maximum amplitude around the entrance position, and gradually diminishes away from the entrance.